Menengai Forest Reserve is an important national asset for economic, environmental, social and cultural values. It provides utility products such as construction materials, fuelwood, and a wide variety of NWFP. The reserve is also important for conservation of biological diversity, carbon sequestration and it is a habitat for wildlife. The area is approximately 5,179.9ha has mainly been managed for conservation with controlled exploitation of minor forest products and NWFP.
The area has various sites suitable for development of tourist facilities for various activities. The community is already involved in some at the view point and these activities need to be supported, promoted and expanded as IGAs.
This is a temporary zone that will be phased out within the lifespan of the PFMP). These will be confined to all areas which were under plantations and natural forest where there has been illegal harvesting, unplanted areas after clear-felling and salvage of existing plantations. The area also includes areas of natural forest destroyed by periodic fires
- - Balancing the use (consumptive) to the need for conservation for non-consumptive benefits
- - Protection from frequent forest fires which is a major threat to all the forest and allied resources.
- - Conservation of biodiversity, water conservation and carbon sequestration.
- - Management of the plantation areas sustainably
- - Revert the plantation to natural forest by phasing out poor stand of eucalyptus and salvaging the existing plantations by planting indigenous species
- 1. Rehabilitate all degraded sites in natural forest areas for environmental conservation, carbon sequestration and restore ecological integrity;
- 2. Promote conservation of plant and animal species that are rare and of special concern;
- 3. Promote sustainable utilization of NWFP and nature based enterprises (NBEs)within the natural forest for socio-economic development;
- 4. Reduce fire risk and enhance protection.
- 5. Sustainably manage the plantation area to provide wood products and promote PFM
Eco-Tourism and Wildlife Management Programme
Eco-tourism is one of the most important aspect around Menengai. The caldera is the second largest in Africa after Ngorongoro in Tanzania. It offers scenic beauty that gives anyone with the spirit of adventure an urge to spend more days in Nakuru It is a major attraction that is frequently visited by many resident and non-resident visitors per year. The former being school parties, groups, families and individuals.
Other eco-tourism attractions include caves, shrines, geothermal plant and steam as well as activities such as hiking, nature walk, bird watching, rock climbing and curio shops where tourists enjoy shopping.
- 1. Inadequate visitor facilities and infrastructure
- 2. Provision of visitor security
- 3. Inadequate water for the facilities
- 4. Reduction of human wildlife conflict
- 5. Inadequate information about the hill and its biodiversity and sceneries
- 6. Poverty
- 1. Develop and maintain tracks, footpaths, roads and water infrastructure
- 2. Development of tourist facilities and infrastructure such as camping and picnic sites, hotels, cultural and resource centre
- 3. To enhance tourist security through construction of guard rails, foot paths and tracks
- 4. To reduce human- wildlife conflict through electric fencing
- 5. To enhance livelihood through marketing and linkages with major tourism circuits
- 6. Promote tourism through publicity and marketing of Menengai as a tourist destination to enhance income generation
Community Conservation and Development Programme
Under this programme, on-farm activities will be supported so that pressure on forest resources is reduced. Nature based income generating activities (IGAs) will also be promoted. It is expected that the activities undertaken will contribute towards improvement of livelihoods through generation of income as well as enhance forest conservation. Proposed activities include commercial tree farming, on – farm forest rehabilitation, and increased land productivity from adoption of soil and water conservation practices. Various income generating activities are also proposed to be implemented by individual farmers or groups to generate income thereby reducing pressure on current forest stocks and land.
- 1. Over - dependence on gazetted forests for household wood products
- 2. Poor farming practices and lact alternative sources of energy
- 3. Soil erosion in farms and rehabilitation of degraded sites
- 4. Promote income generating activities both in and outside the forest
- 1. Awareness creation on farm forestry and improved farming methods
- 2. Promote forest extension sustainable on farm nature based enterprises (NBEs) for household socio-economic development;
- 3. Promote improved farming practices and alternative sources of energy
- 4. Encourage soil conservation measures, compositing and household water harvesting
- 5. Promote drought resistance crops (DRC)